Immigration law refers to the rules established by the federal government for determining who is allowed to enter the country and for how long. It also governs the naturalization process for those who desire to become U.S. citizens. Finally, when foreign nationals enter without permission, overstay their visit, or otherwise lose their legal status, immigration law controls how the detention and removal proceedings are carried out.
Visas in the United States can be broadly separated into two categories: immigrant visas, and non-immigrant visas. The former is subject to “per country-caps”, whereas the latter is not. Most non-immigrant visas are for work purposes, and usually require an offer of employment from a US employer. Such immigration may involve restrictions such as a labor certification to ensure that no American workers are able to fill the role of the job. Other categories include student, family, and tourist visas. Each visa category is further divided into numerous subcategories; the large number of specific categories has been recommended as a main area for comprehensive immigration reform.
Extensive documentation and a thorough knowledge of U.S. immigration laws are required to enter the U.S. or for changing immigration status. Any mistakes can result in uncertainty and can cost a lot, even rejection of the application. That’s why a professional immigration lawyer is required to handle this delicate process and create a smooth experience throughout the application process.