Civil litigation a legal dispute between two or more parties that seek money damages or specific performance rather than criminal sanctions. A lawyer who specializes in civil litigation is known as a litigator or trial lawyer. Representing parties in trials, arbitration and mediation before administrative agencies, foreign tribunals, and federal, state, and local courts are the common practice of the Litigators.
Civil litigation encompasses a broad range of disputes, and litigators generally specialize in one or two specific practice areas. Several common areas include:
- Environmental Law
- Landlord/tenant disputes
- Product liability lawsuits
- Personal Injury claims
- Intellectual property disputes
- Construction liability lawsuits
- Medical malpractice claims
- Employment and labor disputes
- Real estate lawsuits
- Anti-trust litigation
- Workers’ compensation claims
- Education law disputes
- Divorce lawsuits
Lawyers in this field must be willing to assume opposing positions, to embrace conflict and controversy, and to effectively act as human pit bulls in defense of their clients. Experience is necessary to achieve the best possible outcome for a client when it comes to active litigation.